The body will show various signals when problems occur in the system. Usually, these marks will be shown through various things that are usually visible and can be felt physically. Well, the legs become one part of the body that can show various symptoms of the disease before it is shown by other parts of the body. According to Carolyn McAloon, DPM, foot disease expert and president of the California Podiatric Medication Association, the foot is the first part that will be affected if there is a problem with the nerves because it is located farthest from the heart and spine. It takes sensitivity to be able to detect disease from the feet through the various signals it shows.
How to detect diseases from the feet
Detecting diseases from the feet can be done by looking at and feeling the condition. Here are various foot conditions that indicate a number of health problems in the body.
1. Dry and chipped heel
If the heel of the foot is dry, chapped, or chipped, you may have thyroid problems. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control metabolic rate, blood pressure, tissue growth, and nervous system development. Well, this thyroid problem will usually be characterized by a fairly severe dryness of the legs.
To distinguish it from regular dryness, try using a moisturizer for a few days. If you don’t also experience changes, try to see if you experience any other symptoms such as weight gain, numb hands, frequent shaking, heart palpitations or blurred vision.
If so, you need to consult a doctor immediately to confirm the actual condition.
2. Fine hair on bald toes
Both women and men have fine hair on their toes. However, if this hair suddenly falls out and disappears further then this indicates poor blood circulation due to peripheral artery disease.
When plaque accumulates in the arteries of the foot, blood flow becomes limited until it can knock out the hair on your toes. According to Suzanne Fuchs, DPM, a podiatric surgeon at North Shore University Hospital in New York, another sign that indicates this artery disease is that the toes turn purplish and the skin around the wrist to the soles of the feet is thinning.
If you experience any of these symptoms immediately go to the doctor to check the condition. The reason, if not treated immediately this disease can cause a heart attack or stroke until the risk of amputation. In addition, you can also control the symptoms by quitting smoking, going on a healthy diet, and exercising regularly.
3. Big toe is swollen and painful
A swollen, red, hard, and sore toe can be a marker of uric acid, which is arthritis that usually attacks the big toe. If this is the case, chances are you’ve just eaten foods that can trigger uric acid.
Foods high in purines such as red meat, offal, fish, seafood, nuts and certain types of alcohol can increase uric acid levels in the body. Normally, uric acid will be excreted through urine, but if the levels in the body are excessive and the discharge is reduced, then precipitation will occur and usually attack the thumb or ankle.
4. Feet hurt in the morning
Sore and stiff feet when waking up in the morning can be a sign of rheumatism or rheumatoid arthritis. Usually this condition gets worse when you put your foot on the floor and step on it.
In addition to rheumatism, the condition can also be caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition caused by inflammation of the thick tissue connecting the heel to your toes. Stretching your legs before moving out of bed can help prevent plantar fasciitis.
Then, in addition to these two conditions, leg pain in the morning can be caused by muscle cramps. To avoid this, you can stretch your leg muscles before getting out of bed.
However, cramping can also indicate that you are dehydrated and lack of calcium, potassium, and also magnesium in your daily intake. To overcome this, meet your daily nutritional needs and complete it by drinking water before going to bed.
5. Numb feet
Just like baldness in the hair on the toes, numb feet are caused by a lack of blood flow in the area and signify peripheral artery disease problems.
In addition, the condition is one of the common symptoms of peripheral neuropathy associated with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can complicate blood flow to the legs. This can cause wounds that are difficult to heal and prone to infection.
If you experience this condition then immediately consult a doctor and do a healthy lifestyle such as exercising regularly and eating healthy and nutrient-rich foods.
6. Black spots or lines under the toenails
Black or dark spots and lines under the toenails can be a sign of lentiginous acral melanoma or hidden melanoma. These diseases include skin cancers that appear in obscure parts of the body such as the eyes and mouth. This dark line usually extends from the base to the tip of the nail. To be sure, you need to come to the dermatologist.
Other nail discolorations can also be caused by fungal infections that are usually yellow brown and spread throughout the nail. Therefore, try to be more sensitive when you cut your nails in order to detect diseases from the feet early.
7. Red line under toenails
The appearance of a red line under the toenail indicates that there is a ruptured blood vessel otherwise known as splinter bleeding. This condition occurs when a small blood clot damages a small capillary under the nail. Generally, this condition indicates an infection of the heart lining (endocarditis).
People who have heart disease, use pacemakers, or who have immune system problems are more at risk of experiencing this. If not treated immediately, this infection can lead to heart failure. Therefore, if you notice any bleeding on the toenails for no apparent reason, consult a doctor immediately to check your heart and blood circulation.
Detecting diseases from the feet you can do before going to bed and when cutting nails. Never ignore the small marks that the body gives you because the impact can be huge on your health. Detecting diseases early is one of the easy ways that can be practiced to prevent the severity of the disease.